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Two significant contributions were made to the world of computer science in 2009: Golang and Node.js. Golang is a programming language that Google engineers created because they were unsatisfied with the capabilities of existing languages like C, C++, and Java in managing Google’s large network servers. It is a procedural, multiparadigm, open-source language that is based on C’s power and syntax, with an emphasis on safety, simplicity, and speed.
Let’s take a look at specific factors that we must consider to differentiate between the two.
NodeJs Vs. Golang Performance
The discrepancies between Node.js and Go become apparent in this context. Golang is highly popular for its efficiency in terms of speed and memory management, placing it just behind low-level languages such as C and Rust. With its garbage collector and native goroutines, Go applications excel due to their robust yet minimalist architecture.
In 2016, Uber switched from Node.js to Go for their geofence lookup microservice to improve their algorithms. Go’s static typing and raw CPU performance, as well as multithreading, made it an excellent match for Uber’s needs, resulting in 99.99% uptime and a peak load of 170,000 queries per second.
PayPal released a report showing a 35% decrease in average response time and pages served 200ms faster after switching their back-end operations from Java to Node.js.
In conclusion, Golang offers superior raw performance and stability, but both languages have strong advantages in workplace application.
NodeJs Vs. Golang in Web Development
This is the arena where both Node.js and Golang compete for dominance.
On the other hand, Golang is for large network servers and heavy computations that Node.js cannot handle as effectively. It is concurrent, allowing it to run several processes simultaneously without cutting corners. Hence, Golang is efficient and fast for enterprise applications.
You can create entire web servers in Go without using any additional frameworks or third-party services, and while it does not have 800,000 blocks, it has fantastic features like go fmt, Godoc, go mod, and go run.
In conclusion, Golang is superior for high-scale backend web development because it offers more flexibility and stability in building web servers. However, if you want to run small projects or create front-end code bundles, Node.js could be a more useful tool.
In contrast, Golang necessitates that developers acquire a thorough grasp of its specific processes, concepts, rules, pointers, strict typing, interfaces, coroutines, and more. This results in a steeper learning curve for Golang developers. It’s also crucial to note that Golang is a backend programming language only. That is why hiring of a separate front-end developer is necessary.
When comparing the two, it’s apparent that Node.js has a lower learning curve than Golang.
Open-source projects are popular for their vast numbers of developers who contribute regularly and the large communities that back them. Both Node.js and Golang are open-source and benefit from extensive developer support and communities.
Node.js, which is the more established tool, has a strong and larger community backing. The Node.js Foundation enables the widespread adoption of Node.js. Hence, ensuring its stability through the oversight of a team of professionals who manage its security and long-term support (LTS) plan.
Active members of the Node.js Foundation and Node+JS Interactive include GoDaddy, Intel, IBM, Microsoft, PayPal, and NodeSource. Here, the developers announce new improvements and changes to Node.js. As of the time of writing, Node.js has 80,300 Github Stars and has been downloaded over one billion times.
On the other hand, Golang has a smaller community that is growing every day. Google supports Go and hosts GopherCon, which brings together Go developers from all over the world to discuss new opportunities and changes annually. Golang has 87,600 Github Stars at the time of writing and a large number of contributors worldwide.
Tools & Libraries
It’s universally agreed that having libraries and tools available for any given task or project reduces development time and costs.
NPM, in particular, has around 800,000 readily available tools for any specific use case. There are also many others nearing readiness but not yet published.
While Golang has excellent tools for addressing specific tasks, it is relatively new to the backend development ecosystem. Also, there are not as many tools available as with Node.js.
Therefore, it is apparent from our comparison that Node.js has more development tools available than Golang. This is primarily because it enables both frontend and backend development.
Therefore, it is evident that there is no single “perfect” language for web development. The programming language you choose ultimately depends on the specific web application you want to build.